A List Of Efficient Directions For Beginners: Writing A PhD Paper
A PhD paper can be a tricky task when you are not sure what to do or what is expected of you. Fortunately, there are simple steps you can take to get the paper you need with limited stress. You can break up the process overtime to make it easier for you to write. You can also create your own list of directions based on a sample PhD paper. Here is a basic list of directions you can use to help you develop a course of action for your paper.
- Establish clarification of project guidelines.
- Select your topic of interest.
- List potential sources and think about your thesis statement or main idea.
- Conduct research and collect data to support your claim.
- Create an outline for your content.
- Start writing rough draft.
- Revise work and double check sources and citations.
- Finalize content.
- Proofread and edit.
Your guidelines are important and provide clarity on what your instructor expects from you. Read this information carefully and take notes as needed. Pay attention to details such as sections, word count and your deadline. Ask questions if you do not understand something.
Your topic should be something you feel confident writing about. This is important since you will spend a considerable amount of time researching and writing about it. You want to select a topic you can find more information about easily. You can get ideas based on what you know, personal interests and what you have learned in your course studies so far.
As you come up with a list of sources for your project you can think about your hypothesis or main idea. Your research will be based on this claim and how you will go about proving it. Your list of resources should include reference books, reputable websites and print publications offering updated data.
After deciding on a topic and main idea you can start your research. You can use a notebook and note cards to help you collect information. As you research your topic remember to keep track of sources used. This will help you create citations for your work that will appear on the bibliography or references page.
An outline will help you stay on track with structure and organization of your paper. You are likely required to follow a certain format and an outline will help you stick to it. Using one allows you to work on your project in sections or parts at a time. As you research your topic you can separate data and talking points throughout your outline.
Your rough draft is basically a way of getting everything together you researcher. You are putting your data to work in creating sentences and paragraphs that will become your PhD paper. Pay attention to information you include and how you write it. It does not have to be perfect at this point, but you will go back over it later.
Making revisions is important and it provides clarity of your content. This is a good time to check your sources, although some may wait until after making corrections to check them. Any sentences that are too long, wordy or have unclear concepts are cleaned up at this time.
You may want to write your final draft at this point based on what you completed in your rough draft. Your paper should come together smoothly and you should feel good about the information you have included.
Before submitting content you can review it for grammar, punctuation and word usage. Spelling mistakes, typos and other errors should be corrected.